Choose the right surface

The V4 Collection is comprised of many different finishes ranging from precision machined smooth sanding and modern staining processes to the hand rendered distressing and scraping done by skilled carpenters using traditional tools with centuries old techniques. Each process gives a board its individual characteristic.


The surface is sanded flat. When this surface is oil finished the grain will be slightly raised giving slight texture, whereas lacquer will make it completely smooth to touch.

Smooth Floors


A steel brush removes the soft grain from the surface layer creating a textured surface which enhances the beauty of the natural grain. This also allows for some interesting applications of colour.

Brushed Floors

Bevel Edged

Most floors have a bevel edge on four or two sides of the surface this is usually a 1-2mm diagonal edge which helps distinguish the planks and adds character to the floor.

Bevel Edged Floors


This is a surface that has been milled and sanded smooth and any knot holes or blemishes have been filled, but the surface has not been sealed with lacquer or oil.

Unfinished Floors


Stain is applied by rollers and buffed to penetrate the top surface of the board and then sealed with either oil or lacquer, resulting in extra emphasis of the natural figure of the wood.

Stained Floors

Hand Scraped

This process can only be done by hand using traditional tools to scrape out the soft grain following the natural contour of the wood. The result is a gentle undulating smooth surface.

Hand Scraped Floors

Cross Sawn

Random saw marks are made across the grain adding extra texture to the surface in order to replicate floors of old. The result is a beautifully tactile wood floor.

Cross Sawn Floors

Smoked / Fumed

Timber is stored in chambers and exposed to processes that darken and enrich the natural wood colours. This is ideal for designers where rich tonal variety is preferred.

Smoked/ Fumed Floors


Various methods are used to give the wood an aged well used appearance also that of a board milled using rudimentary rustic tools. The skill is in making the distressing look natural.

Distressed Floors