During the life of the floor ambient humidity must be maintained within the range of 45% to 65% RH and 18 to 24°C. This includes during periods when the property is unoccupied such as during holidays. Please note that high humidity may lead to warping and other issues, whilst excessive drying caused by high temperature &/or low humidity may lead to splits and warping. Avoid rapid changes in temperature.
Oiled Or Lacquered – Take Note Of Your Floor’s Finish
It is important to understand what your wood floor is sealed with as it will affect the way you clean and maintain the surface. Lacquered or varnished floors will not need maintaining with oil but special care should be taken to avoid scratching as it can be more difficult to repair. Oiled floors will need periodic oil maintenance and should be commissioned with an extra coat of maintenance oil* for areas of high traffic and areas where spills are more likely.
Hardwood Floors are a great solution for kitchens and dining spaces. Wood is naturally robust and can be maintained to keep the surface looking great. Lacquered floors are a good choice for Kitchens as they provide a surface that is stain resistant without the need for regular maintenance and can be rejuvenated when required with a light sand which keys the top coat of lacquer so an extra application of lacquer can be applied. Alternatively oiled and hardwax oiled wood floors also perform well in busy kitchens but should always have an extra coat of maintenance oil* applied after installation. This commissioning coat is buffed into the factory oiled surface and ensures that the oil is evenly redistributed in the wood’s surface, it also adds a water resistant seal between the joints of each board. With periodic reapplication of maintenance oil this type of floor will last for generations without ever needing to be rejuvenated with sanding.
*Recommended Products: Ciranova Maintenance Oil Natural Matt
Daily/weekly cleaning consists of sweeping and vacuum cleaning. Sweep with a soft broom or dust-attracting flat head mop. When choosing a vacuum cleaner make sure it has a hard floor or parquet setting. Before you vacuum make sure this setting is selected and check the vacuum end for debris which could cause scratches. Floors can be periodically damp cleaned with an appropriate spray cleaning and mop pad or a well wrung out mop, avoiding use of excess moisture. NEVER WET MOP OR STEAM CLEAN WOODEN FLOORS. All spills should be wiped up immediately with an absorbent kitchen towel. Avoid abrasive micro fibre cloths and wet wipes. which can react with the lacquer or oil and remove the finish.
Using pH balanced Cleaner
Both lacquered and oiled finishes are semi permeable allowing the wood to breath. This means you should avoid using harsh chemical and abrasive cleaners on your hardwood or laminate wood floors.
Many ‘supermarket’ brands claim to work well on all surfaces including wood floors but most should be avoided as they contain high acidic or caustic ingredients that will quick compromise the lacquered or oiled surface of your floor, destroying the water and stain resistant properties.
*Recommended Products For Oiled Floors:
Bona Spray Mop with Bona Oiled Floor Cleaner
Wood’s Good Natural Floor Care Spray and Mop Pad/ Kit
Ciranova Flooring Soap
Recommended Products for Lacquered and Laminate Floors:
Bona Spray Mop with Bona Wood Floor Cleaner
Wood’s Good Lacquer Floor Cleaner with Mop Pad/ Kit
Always have internal and external entrance matting at all entrances to the property; this will help prevent abrasive particles being carried onto the floor, and will extend the life of the floor finish. It is a good idea to fit mat wells so that the mat itself does not damage the floor.
Protect From Furniture
Use self-adhesive felt pads on flat furniture feet to protect the floor from excessive scratching, and use felt based castor cups under wheeled furniture. A purpose made polypropylene floor mat must be used below wheeled office chairs. (Note: Heavy scratching will break the seal of the lacquer causing damage to the timber by ingress of dirt and moisture from cleaning.) Felt pads also give an added advantage of making heavy furniture easier to move.
A) Take care when watering not to spill water around the base of any planter and avoid using metal trays as these can react with water and the natural tannins in oak to produce black watermarks.
B) A planter with soil soaked in water can cause the underside to be cold which can lead to condensation, so it is a good idea to use protective non-reactive plastic mats beneath pots and trays.
Wood is a natural material and is affected by UV light. As with the blackened oak beams of ancient houses all wood will mellow and change colour with sunlight. Oak will mellow and become darker and richer in tone whilst the grey brown of American black walnut will turn a more golden hue. Each species will react in different ways to UV light. In rooms with large windows, especially those which are south facing, special care should be taken to reposition furniture and rugs to ensure an even colour across the floor. Floors treated with stains and bleaches are more stable in strong UV conditions.
When possible avoid wearing outside shoes especially if wet or muddy. Stiletto heels may damage wood floor finish and cause compression marks on some wood species, and are not recommended for use on wood floor. Avoid heavy work boots with abrasive soles and thick treads which can retain abrasive objects such as gravel stones. In areas of high foot traffic pay special attention to daily cleaning and where possible use protective rugs and matting.
A) Keep pets’ claws well trimmed to avoid scratches and protect areas where they sleep and feed to avoid damage from moisture and spills.
B) Always protect flooring around your pet’s food and water bowls from spills and standing water.
Clean Up Spills
Avoid standing water or liquid. Wipe up any liquid spills quickly and never allow spills to stay on the surface for any length of time. If moisture ingresses into the surface of your floor it may cause lasting damage. Oil and oil fried food can react with oiled surfaces and should be wiped up directly.
Protection Whilst Decorating
A) When protecting your floor, where possible avoid covering with plastic sheeting or any material which does not breathe as it can form condensation. Instead use card or fabric dust sheeting.
B) When using masking tape to paint round architrave and skirting, DO NOT leave tape on the floor longer than it takes to paint each coat. If left for more than a couple of hours, tape adhesive can react with the floor finish causing damage. C) If paint is spilled remember that cleaning fluids may damage the floor so avoid if possible, instead use mild soap and a nylon brush to work away the paint.